Yellow fever is an extremely rare infection spread by a particular species of mosquito called the aedes aegypti, and it is endemic in areas of Africa and South America. The “yellow” in yellow fever alludes to the jaundice of the eyes and skin that transpire in some patients. Some of the most typical symptoms include fever, headache, nausea, and vomiting. In Africa, a small proportion of the people who contract a severe case of the virus die within 7 to 10 days. The number of cases has been on a rise since 1980. An approximate 200,000 cases happen each year. Of that large amount, about 30,000 die. Malaria is a rare disease caused by parasites and transferred by the bite of an anopheles mosquito that is carrying the infection. When an infected mosquito bites, parasites increase in the person’s liver and damage their red blood cells. One large risk area where Malaria affects the population is in Africa. Some symptoms of a mild case of malaria include the shivers, fever, headaches, and vomiting. When the case is very severe, symptoms may include fever, chills, impaired vision, unconsciousness, heavy breathing, respiratory distress, abnormal bleeding, vital organ problems, and even anemia. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is an infection that destroys the immune system by attacking cells. HIV can be transmitted through unprotected sexual intercourse, blood, needles, breastfeeding, and more. HIV destroys immune cells called CD4. A person without HIV can have anywhere from 500 to 1,200 CD4 cells. When the cells have dropped to 200, a person with HIV is considered to have AIDS. The regions most affected by HIV in the world are East and Southern Africa. They are also the home to the largest number of people living with HIV with 19.4 million infected. An estimated 1.8 million children are living with HIV. Tuberculosis is an infection that causes slow-growing bacteria that mainly grows in parts of the body where there is lots of oxygen and blood. TB fills the chest and lungs with blood and liquid. 25% of TB cases are in Africa. There are two types of TB. Those two being latent and active. Symptoms of Active TB include weight loss, night sweating, coughing longer than 3 weeks, and fever. There’s no symptoms when you have Latent TB.
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