The tragedy, Hamlet, is set in Middle Age Denmark. The protagonist, Prince Hamlet, is deeply depressed because his father, the king, recently passed away. As this is occurring, Denmark is currently ruling Norway. His mother, Queen Gertrude, is now remarried to his uncle, Claudius. This angers Hamlet very much. One night Hamlet is visited by the spirit of his father. Citizens of Denmark were told that the cause of King Hamlet’s death was a fatal snake wound. Truthfully, he was murdered by his own brother, Claudius. The terrifying ghost persuades Hamlet to seek vengeance on Claudius. Hamlet keeps his plan of revenge quiet with the exception of his best friend, Horatio. The stress of this secret causes Hamlet to go into an insane and slow deterioration of his stability and mental health. Hamlet pretends to be a mad man and puts on an act. At one point in the play, Hamlet contemplates suicide. People begin to notice Hamlets illogical behavior. He is very fond of Ophelia, daughter of Polonius the chief counselor and when Hamlet has an outburst on Ophelia she is frightened by his behavior. Hamlet continues with his plan to take Claudius down by putting on a play in which Hamlet’s father is poisoned in ear. Claudius reacts angrily and now is aware that Hamlet is aware that he murdered his father. Hamlet plans on killing Claudius but instead murders Polonius when Hamlet catches him watching him. As soon as Ophelia hears of the death of her father she is also driven to insanity and drives herself to her own death and drowns in a stream.Claudius was planning on having Hamlet go to court for the murder of Polonius, but insteads try to convince Hamlet to move to England to escape the pain of the recent events in his life. What Hamlet is unaware of is that Claudius is planning on having him murdered by sending two men, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern. Hamlet stops this by killing them and proceeds to go back to Denmark. When he first goes back he sees Horatio at a graveyard where he sees Ophelia’s grave and now realizes that his love has passed. The son of Polonius, Laertes, is angered by Hamlet’s actions and how they caused Ophelia’s descent into madness and death, so he challenges him a duel. Claudius finds out about the duel and convinces Laertes to put poison on the blade of a knife and in a cup. During the duel, a poisonous knife hurts both Laertes and Hamlet. The, Queen Gertrude drinks from the cup with the poison in it. This ends up causing her to die. The play ends with Hamlet finally avenging his father’s death and killing Claudius. He takes the last sip from the poisonous cup and dies.
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