Sir William Wallace was an educated man who loved liberty and his homeland. There is not much recorded information on his life until around 1297, when he came into publicity. He made his move after the British empire invaded Scotland in 1296. His first act began when Wallace rounded up a group of men to assassinate William Heselrig and his troop. It is not exactly known as to why Wallace decided to hunt down Heselrig, but myth says that the British sheriff has issued the execution of his wife. This immediately opened up his legacy as a warrior within Scotland. Not long after publicly coming out as a war soldier, Wallace created several extensive campaigns with the help of Andrew Moray. Together they created a brutal army in order to reclaim Scotland, and send the British to their knees. Sir William Wallace’s attacks were always described as brutal, vicious, and savage. His intentions were to slaughter and his strategies were calculated with stealth, trickery, and manipulation in mind. He used these tactics in order to reclaim and reside within castles throughout the country. He reclaimed Lochleven Castle (1257) and Dunnottar Castle (1296). Legend says that Wallace slayed over 4,000 English men in Dunnottar; though historians are sure this is an exaggeration. He is also known to have reclaimed Stirling Castle during the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314. As everything from his time was so long ago, the early castle of the Elcho Castle where he resided no longer remains. After a particularly brutal fight with English forces, Wallace was appointed “Guardian of Scotland” by the king. His war tactics were known for their uniqueness, and were said to have left Earl of Surrey defenseless. Upon being granted Guardian, he utilized the terrain and guerilla warfare strategies. Riots and battles broke out everywhere between the British and the Scottish. English forces invaded and Wallace was forced into hiding with his men. King Edward discovered Wallace and his army on July 1298 in Falkirk. This forced the troop to move northward and sent William into shame. He suffered greatly; physically and reputationally. The following year, 1299, William Wallace fled to France to seek refuge. Not much is known about his time away, however, it is believed he may have continued refuge into Rome. Upon his arrival back in 1303, he traveled south, where nothing good awaited him. Wallace was betrayed by Sir John de Menteith, a nobleman of Scotland. He turned his back to Sir William and gave him up to the British Empire. He was then put on trial for his crimes and found guilty. He was held at Dumbarton Castle in London before his execution on August 23, 1305. People say he lived on for many years after, but the evidence of that is void. To this day he is still seen as a hero to the people of Scotland, and a tyrant to the British.
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