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ROLE drive due to instant advancements in

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ROLE
OF ICT IN HIGHER EDUCATION

RUPA CHANDRASHEKHAR MORE

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RJSP’s
ACS College, Landewadi, Bhosari, Pune – 39

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ABSTRACT

Today’s
world is all about information technology. This new technology covers all
sector, industries, no doubt educational institute is not exception for that.
Actually it is need to have information technology in this field. The main
objective of education is to develop & provide capable hands to industries.
This paper attempts to highlight the role of ICT in higher education. The
impact of ICT in higher education will grow many changes in educational
practices. It is evident from the study that use of ICT in education is
increasing rapidly in India. One of the most common problems is study of Information
and Communication Technologies (ICTs) is choice based rather than it is
actually education needs. Like a developing countries we also faces lot of
competition in international market level. To sustain in that level we have to
develop skill to familiar with ICT. The use of ICT in education leads itself
more student centric and this creates proper communication, bridge the gap
between teacher & students. Today’s generation moving rapidly into digital
media and information, the role of ICT in education is becoming most important
and this importance will continue to grow and develop in future. Thus, the
paper suggests that ICT in higher education is not a technique for educational
development but also a way of socio-economic development of the nation.

 

KEYWORDS:

ICT,
Education, development

 

INTRODUCTION

Now a day higher education in India is experiencing a major
transformation in terms of access, equity and quality. This evaluation is
highly influenced by the swift developments in information and communication
technologies (ICTs) all over the world. Higher education systems have grown rapidly from last few
years to meet the demands of quality education for all. This aspect has further
gained drive due to instant advancements in Information and Communication
Technology (ICT). Demand for skilled and competent labour is ever increasing in
global society.

Ensuring
universal service and access to information and communication technology is a
top national objective of each country.

One of
the distinctive features of human beings is their ability to acquire knowledge,
and what makes this knowledge to man’s ability to ‘impact’ this knowledge to
others. Transfer of knowledge, which is one of the foundations of teaching –
learning process. The concept of moving the traditional classroom of desks,
notebooks, pencils, and blackboard to an online forum of computers and the Internet
frightens many teachers who are comfortable to the face-to-face interaction of
the traditional classroom. These teachers frightens because lack of knowledge,
untrained themselves and not ready to update them to move with this new
challenges in higher education. For many students who unable to come to college
due to employment, family responsibilities, health issues and other time
constrains, online education is the only best option.

Computer
multimedia offers good opportunities for creating & developing visually
enriched learning environments. Computer-based systems have great potential for
delivering teaching and learning material. The rapid development of Information
and Communication Technology (ICT), particularly the Internet, is one of the
most attractive miracles describing the Information Age.

ICT powers
our access to information, enables new forms of communication, and serves many
on-line services in the fields of commerce, arts, entertainment and education.

The
main objectives of the paper are to evaluate the importance of ICT in higher
education and to analyse the government initiatives for development of ICT in
higher education.

 What is ICT ?

Meaning –

The
term “Information” refers to “any communication or representation of knowledge
such as facts, data or opinions in any medium or for, including textual,
numerical, graphic Cartographic, narrative or audiovisual forms. • Technology
is the practical form of scientific knowledge or the science of application of
knowledge to practical.

Definition

 Prof. Priya Kale, “ICT stand for
information and communication technologies and is defined, as a “diverse
set of technological tools and resources used to communicate, and to create, disseminate,
store, and manage information.”

 “ICT implies the technology which
consists of electronic devices and associated human interactive materials that
enable the user to employ them for a wide range of teaching – learning
processes in addition to personal use.”

Objectives

ICT in higher education
enhances self confidence among teachers and students.

It can be easily accessible
from anywhere. This is shifting of tradition way of teaching method to modern
techniques.  It promotes innovation and
new opportunities to learners.

 

Benefits of ICT in Higher Education –

For Teachers :

1. Increased right to use

2. Flexibility of comfortable & delivery or
transform

3. Combination of work & education

4. Updating of knowledge time to time

For Students:

Learner centered approach

Higher –quality of education and new ways of
interaction

Cost effective professional development

Upgrading
of employee skills, increased productivity

For Educational institutes:

Developing of a new learning culture

Increase
the capacity and cost effectiveness of education and training systems

To
reach target groups with limited access to conventional education and training,

To
support and enhance the quality and relevance of existing educational
structures

For Governments:

To ensure
the connection of educational institutions and learner to the emerging networks
and information resources

To
promote innovation and opportunities for lifelong learning

Drawback
of ICT tools in Indian Higher Education:

1.     
Setting up ICT tools
can be very difficult.

2.     
Highly Expensive to
adopt.

3.     
Difficult for
teachers to use with lack of knowledge and experience using ICT tools.

4.     
Lack of support of
institutional management.

5.     
Cause of Indian
mentality to accept new things & challenges of using ICT tools in higher
education.

6.     
Lack of awareness
about benefits of ICT tools in Higher Education.

7.     
Lack of Support of
Government to promote ICT tools in education in terms of financial &
economic assistance.

8.     
In India, most of
the people are from rural area, they are unaware about higher education &
from them use of ICT is far distance away.

9.     
Distance education
is new concept to Indians which has lot benefits but  Distance learner as well as teachers both are
unknown about using ICT tools.

Initiatives of Use of ICT in Education

            India is making use of powerful combination of ICTs such
as open source software, satellite technology, local language interfaces, easy
to use human-computer interfaces, digital libraries etc. with a long-term plan
to reach the remotest of the villages. Community service centers have been
started to promote e-learning throughout the country (Bhattacharya and Sharma,
2007). Notable initiatives of use of ICT in education in India include:

Indira
Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) uses radio, television and internet
technologies.

National
Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning: a concept similar to the open
courseware initiative of MIT. It uses internet and television technologies.

Eklavya
initiative : Uses internet and television to promote distance learning.

IIT-Kanpur
has developed ‘Brihaspati’, an open source e-learning platform (Virtual Class
Room).

 

Conclusion

            The increasing use of ICT has brought changes to teaching
and learning process at all levels of higher education system which leads to quality
enhancements. Traditional forms of teaching and learning are increasingly being
converted to online and virtual environments. The use of ICT in education not
only improves classroom teaching learning process, but also provides the
facility of e-learning from far distance. This ICT mode of teaching is one of
most important advantage to distance learner especially for those students who
are unable to continue their regular studies due to their financial &
family problems. In India at present girls literacy is very low because of
traditional perceptions that girls are distinct from education due to not allow
to go colleges for them they can continue their higher education from anywhere.
Thus the teaching community is able to reach remote areas and learners are able
to access qualitative learning environment from anywhere and at any time. Educational
institutions should train teachers who are technology-competent and who
effectively use and integrate technology into their teaching activities ICT has
enhanced distance learning. It is important that teachers should be made to
adopt technology in their teaching styles to provide practical and educational
gains to the learners. Successful implementation of ICT to lead change is more
about influencing and empowering teachers and supporting them in their
engagement with students in learning rather than acquiring computer skills and
obtaining software and equipment. ICT enabled education will ultimately lead to
the modernization of education.

 

References :

Bhattacharya,
I. & Sharma, K. (2007). India in the knowledge economy – an electronic
paradigm, International Journal of Educational Management Vol. 21 No. 6, pp.
543–568.

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