ReportIntroduction”I used to be embarrassed because I was just a comic-book writer while other people were building bridges or going on to medical careers. And then I began to realize: entertainment is one of the most important things in people’s lives. Without it they might go off the deep end. I feel that if you’re able to entertain people, you’re doing a good thing.” – Stan LeeWhy have comic books become such a phenomenon especially in the last 40 years?In this report I will research and discuss two comic arts of my choice, these are Milton Caniff and Charles Burns. I will discuss their biographies, examples of their work and how their art made them so popular. I also will research the historical events that may have influenced their work. We have already looked at artists influenced by them in class such as Crumb, Herge and Ormes and in doing so I hope to learn more about the chosen artists work in thisreport.BibliographyCharles BurnsCharles burns was born in Washington D.C on the 27th of september 1955, when he was young he and his family moved to seattle in 1965. Growing up Burns was addicted to MAD magazines and Roger Corman horror films. During the mid 70’s Burns discovered underground comic artists such as Robert Crumb. Burns went on to attend in Evergreen College, where he would go on to meet a young Matt Groening and Lynda Barry who where yet to be famous. Burns came up with the idea for one of his characters “El Borbah” when he was watching television and came across a wrestling t.v show and he liked the idea of huge wrestlers with tiny masks and lots of tattoos. He moved to Italy in the mid 1980’s with his wife and wenton to join “Valvoline” a group of artist founded by Lorenzo Mattotti. When he returned to the U.S he began working on a weekly comic strip called “Big Baby” which ran from 1989-1991. In 1994 burns began work on his most ambitious project “Black Hole” for Kitchen Sink, But when Kitchen Sink closed down he moved the series to Fantagraphics in 1998 and finished the series in 2004Milton Caniff: Milton caniff was born in February 28th 1907 in Hillsboro, Ohio in the United States, He died April 3rd 1988 aged 87, Milton’s father work at the local newspaper as a printer but later on moved in the automotive industry which meant that Milton and his family had to move to Dayton in 1919. Milton read popular comic strip in the newspaper like “Polly and her Pals ” by Cliff Sterett. He was drafted into the army in 1943 but was deemed medically unfit because of his misfortune with narcolepsy. But due to his contacts in the war he was able to create on of his most famous characters “Terry”.Examples of work Charles BurnsCharles burns is a very talented artist and you can tell that by his work, his work is a combination of very clear final piece which in part thanks to the the stylized line work present in his most famous work. Burns art include some disturbing imagery and all of this is connected to each other through his masterful storytelling.Milton caniffCompared to Charles Burns works Milton Caniff’s work is more tailored to be funny. Caniff was regarded as The Rembrandt of the comic strip simply because of how talented he was but also the mastery of the style chiaroscuro which is the use of high contrast between dark areas and light areas we saw this throughout the run of his Steve Canyon Comics and Terry and the Pirates.Historical ContextCharles Burns :Throughout Burns career he was influenced by Bill Elders Comics and found his style of art interesting and we could see this in Burns work as well as Bill used deep shadows in his art to give it a creepy feel and burns felt like that while reading it and from this we can gather that he took inspiration for Elders work when he created his comics. Charles Burn never really got influenced by any historical events to a a point where it would be noticed, when he worked in italy burns said that he was never swayed by political problem and even though he would grunt and groan to himself he never let his work ge contrivers.” It was mainly artistic. It’s hard … you’re talking about a severe language barrier, as far as I’m concerned. I never really figured out Italian. I could sit there and grunt and groan enough and make myself understood, but I wasn’t conversational”Bill elder work bellow:Milton CaniffDuring the course of Milton Caniff’s career he would create comic strip that had great attention to detail from the world around him, he start this when he way drawing”Terry” one of his most popular character and has kept up the trend ever since. During World War 2 Caniff would create a comic called “Male Call” for the armed-services newspaper. And when the war ended he left the syndicate that owned the right to his character terry and created and new character that would quickly become one of his most popular called “Steve Canyon” in 1947 who would fight in wars in Korea and Vietnam. He was also drafted into the military but was was not allowed in because of medical reasons People they inspiredPeople who Milton Caniff Inspired: Charles Schulz, chic stone, paul norris, Warren Turfts, Alex Toth, Dan Spiegle, Mel Graff, John Severin and Johnny Craig.People who Charles Burns Inspired:Matt Groening, Lynda Barry and Robert Crumb My opinion on their workI quite liked Charles Burns comic series “Black Hole” I felt the art style was amazing and interesting to look at and the picture is always so detailed and shop so much expression even though he has just used two colour white and black. The narrative is so weird and uncomfortable that it enjoyable to read.For Milton Caniff i find his work aesthetically pleasing as his artwork reminds me of one of my favourite tv shows called “Archer” as the two styles are similar especially his work on “Steve Canyon” and the show could of been easily influenced by caniffs work. the storytelling is quite enjoyable for its time and it’s something people can still enjoy today the setting fits well with the stories being told at they are based off of the real event of “World War 2″ConclusionIn conclusion we have researched the lives of bothe Charles Burns and Milton Caniff and we have discussed the impact the had on the comic industry in the 20th century and will see still influence in the years to come. We have also see them develop their own styles that stand out and are easily recognisable to anybody that knows of the artist
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