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Open source philosophy, along with its onlyfunctional values, prevents a deeperunderstanding of free software ideas; itenters a large number of people to ourcommunity, but does not teach them todefend it.Faster finding of program bugs, availabilityto more people, reuse of code, reducingproduction time and development, andachieving predictable outcomes are thebenefits of open source software.GNU is in fact a project in which freesoftware for free operating systems such asLinux is designed and produced and madeavailable to the public free of charge.The most important and prime incentive forthose who split the open source softwarecampaign was that some people were notcomfortable with the “free software” ethicalthoughts.In fact, open source software is calledsoftware that people can change or replacetheir possible bugs in their source code.Linux is the name of a computer operatingsystem, the most famous example offreeware and development in the opensource method.Open source software, in addition to beingprovided for free, comes with its sourcecode.Linux operating system without softwareproduced by GNU There is nothing specialto do.The eloquence of open source expressionhas led many individuals and traders to useand even develop free software that hasexpanded our community – but onlymarginally and practically.GNU is an operating system based on freesoftware.If an application is provided by GNU,meaning you can source code for thissoftware for free and have custom changesto it.Attracting people to free software is onlypart of the path to turning them intodefenders of their own freedom.If the distribution does not include thesource code, the programmer should be ableto use the software It is easy to find thepossibility to change it.2.Key wordsGNU,Linux,open source.3.IntroductionIn a Linux / GNU system, Linux is theoperating system and acts as a kernel. Othercomponents of this system include varioussections, all of which are governed by theGNU rules. Linux operating system withoutsoftware produced by GNU There is nothingspecial to do. GNU is in fact a project inwhich free software for free operatingsystems such as Linux is designed andproduced and made available to the publicfree of charge. If an application is providedby GNU, meaning you can source code forthis software for free and have customchanges to it. Change the code or the code ifnecessary.4.LinuxLinux is the name of a computer operatingsystem, the most famous example offreeware and development in the opensource method. If we want to be precise, weshould only name the Linux kernel, Linux.But the word is said to be Unix-basedoperating systems. Based on the Linuxkernel and the GNU libraries and tools. Aset of software based on the componentssaid Linux distribution includes softwaredevelopment tools, databases, web serversLike APACI and administrative collectionssuch as OpenOffice.Linux was designed to use microprocessorswith Intel’s 80386 architecture. But today, itsupports a variety of architectures and runson all types of devices from personalcomputers to cloud computing and mobilephones. This system The agent initiallydeveloped more by ordinary people, but nowit has been able to support companies suchas IBM and compete with private versionsof Unix. The analysts attribute this successto the independence of the vendor, low costfootpaths. High speed, security andreliability.5.what is open source software?Open source software, in addition to beingprovided for free, comes with its sourcecode. In addition to the translated version,the initial code is also provided to users.With the original code of the program, it ispossible to create Modifications are tailoredto the needs of users. In fact, open sourcesoftware is called software that people canchange or replace their possible bugs in theirsource code. These software have severalfeatures that as follows :1. The software must be free to distributewithout royalty or any payment for sale. 2.The source code must be available. If thedistribution does not include the sourcecode, the programmer should be able to usethe software It is easy to find the possibilityto change it. 3. There is a possibility to makechanges to the program. 4. It is possible tomaintain the integrity of the initial code. 5.There is no difference between the groups.6. No difference between each An activitythat is not in line with the software is not 7.Allowance can be attributed to everyone. 8.The authorization must not be assigned to aparticular product. The letter should notbelong to other software.Faster finding of program bugs, availabilityto more people, reuse of code, reducingproduction time and development, andachieving predictable outcomes are thebenefits of open source software.6.About the GNU operating systemGNU is an operating system based on freesoftware. It means that it respects users’freedom. Genu enables the use of computerswithout dependence on software thatendangers your privacy.GNU is a Unix-like operating system,meaning the suite contains a large number ofprograms. Workshops, libraries,development tools, and even games.The GNU name is a recursive acronym forthe GNUs not unix. A program that, in aUnix-like system, allocates machineresources and speaks of hardware, the kernelis called. Generally, GNU, along with akernel called Linux, uses It’s the name ofthis combination of GNU / Linux operatingsystem.An organization that protects their licensesand software under their internationallysponsored FSF or free software foundationorganization is funded by Richard Stallman.The organization supports most open sourcesoftware.7.Linux historyHardware developed in 1991, but there wasstill no robust and cheap operating system.At that time, DOS and Unix operatingsystems were available. The power of theDOS operating system was very low. On theother hand, the Unix operating system wasvery expensive, which PC users did not havethe power to buy. For this reason, a Dutchprofessor named Tennenbow offered theMINIX operating system for teachingsystem operation. This operating system wasdesigned for computers with an 8086 Intelprocessor. The MINIX was not a goodoption as an operating system, but the mainadvantage was that its source code wasavailable. A person who purchased theTennenbum operating system book; 1200lines of program written in C languages andassemblies were also available to him.In 1991, Linus Torvalds, a second-yearstudent of computer science from theUniversity of Helsinki, Finland, sent ahistorical letter to the MINIX news group.Linus released version 0.01 in midSeptember 1991 and posted on the Internet.The codes were downloaded and tested andreturned to Torvalds after optimization. OnOctober 5th, version 0.02 of Linux waslaunched with the famous TorvaldsDeclaration.Linux version 0.03 was ready after a fewweeks, and by December; Linux got theversion 0.10. Linux still only supports AThard drives. It did not have the ability to login and came directly from the bootcommand to the command line. Version0.11 supports multilingual keyboards.Floppy disks and graphics cards supportVGA, EGA, and so on. Coming Soonversions 0.12 and 0.95 and 0.96 werereleased and coded out by FTP servers inFinland and elsewhere around the world.In summary, the development process of theLinux operating system is as follows:1991 >>> Number of users: -1- Writing part of the Linux operatingsystem2. Introducing the Linux operating system inthe New group2. Report errors in the operating system1992 >>> Number of users: about 1000users1- Run the Linux operating system on the X-86 processors2- Add graphical interface to Linuxoperating system1993 >>> Number of users: 2000 users1- Begin writing side by side1994 >>> Number of users: 100000 usersAdd networking capabilities to the Linuxoperating system1995 >>> Number of users: 500000 users1. Install the Linux operating system on Inteland Digital and Sun Sparc processors1996 year >>> Number of users: one millionusers1- Presentation of Linux 2.02. Linux operating system operating systemon multiple processors.1997 >>> Number of users: 3.5 million1- Provide a new version of Linux everyweek2- Publishing the Linux magazine in Japan,Poland, Yugoslavia and the UnitedKingdom.1998 >>> Number of users: 7.5 million1. Begin the KDE project1999 >>> Number of users: 10 million1- Receiving the CHIP Magazine Award atCeBIT Exhibit8.open source and the philosophyThe most important and prime incentive forthose who split the open source softwarecampaign was that some people were notcomfortable with the “free software” ethicalthoughts. This is true: raising ethical issuessuch as freedom, talking aboutresponsibilities, and also about comfort,means that we are asking people to thinkabout issues that they may prefer to ignore,whether their behavior is ethical or not. Thiscan make people lose their sense oftranquility, and some people may justsimply close their minds to these issues. Butfrom this we can not conclude that weshould stop talking about these issues.Anyway, this is what the “open source”leaders have decided to do. They havecalculated to be able to sell software moreeffectively to specific users (especially tocompanies) with silence about morality andfreedom, and only talking about the shortterm benefits of specific software.This approach has proven effective in itsplace. The eloquence of open sourceexpression has led many individuals andtraders to use and even develop freesoftware that has expanded our community -but only marginally and practically. Opensource philosophy, along with its onlyfunctional values, prevents a deeperunderstanding of free software ideas; itenters a large number of people to ourcommunity, but does not teach them todefend it. This is good to the point where itis going well, but it is not enough to protectfreedom. Attracting people to free softwareis only part of the path to turning them intodefenders of their own freedom.Sooner or later, these people will beattracted to proprietary software for somepractical benefit. Countless companies arelooking for such temptations, some evendropping free copies. Why should usersrefuse? Only if they have learned they areworthy of their freedom. The freedom givento them by free software, instead of thetechnical and practical relief of a number offree software, gives freedom to freedom andfreedom for themselves. To spread thisthought, we need to talk about freedom. Abit of a “masking” approach to commercemay be beneficial to the community, but if itis so commonplace that love for freedomcan be seen, it will be dangerous.This dangerous situation is exactly what weare currently in. Most people involved withfree software, especially distributors, do notspeak much about freedom – often becausethey are “more likely to be accepted” -almost all software distributions display thisfeature dramatically. Almost all Linux /Genuine Linux distributions add proprietarypackages to the open source system, andencourage users to look at it as anadvantage, not a step backward and freefrom freedom.Proprietary software has been added andpartial partial non-free distribution ofterrestrial fertility, since most of ourcommunity does not emphasize theirsoftware freedom. This is not coincidental.GNU / Linux has been introduced to mostusers with “open source” discussions thatsay that freedom is not a goal. Acts that donot support freedom, and words that do notspeak of freedom, are taken and promoted.9.ResultsThe operating system is one of the mostimportant software components of acomputer. The operating system is theinterface between software and hardwareperformance and has a managerial role. TheLinux system is similar to the Unixoperating system. The Linux component isthe Linux kernel. The operating system isthe leader in servers on larger systems, suchas mainframes and supercomputers. Linux isa free operating system, Open Source,highly flexible and capable of beinginstalled on any computer. You can modifyand develop your own source codes thatLinux developers and developers provide.You just need to be familiar with the C ++ C++ language and assembly language, nowyou can distribute it and publish it. Even fornon-technical users who are not familiarwith these languages, tools and distributionsare introduced to distribute them with theleast amount of programming knowledge.This freedom in redistributing andredistributing source code generates as muchLinux as possible so that you can find aLinux for every application! For example,Linux is only for web work, and anotherLinux only for multimedia or Linux for thenetwork.Of course, the freedom of Linux has led tothe development of this operating system tothe point where governments like Chinahave decided to write their own distribution,which is fully compatible with theirlanguage features, if this issue is addressedin non-free operating systems and non-openThe text obviously is not possible.

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