Man and Woman. What are they, and why, each alone and both together? The significant matter of human life generates much talk and controversy. A man and a woman are both human beings, individuals with morals, and a wide range of attributes that make one who they are. There is clear evidence that each of us owes our existence to one man and one woman, no more, and no less. In society, the roles of a man are slightly different in comparison to a woman’s roles. The roles differ among stereotypes, marriage, jobs, education, physical characteristics such as muscle mass and lean, height, strength, and so forth. The two works under review in this critical thinking essay are between two late sixteenth through seventeenth-century poets. The works under review are ” Upon Jack and Jill Epigram,” by an English lyric poet and cleric Robert Herrick and “To His Mistress Going to Bed,” by John Donne, a cleric in England and the founder of Metaphysical Poets. Lyric poetry is short, non-narrative poems in which the author presents a state of mind or emotional state. This form of poetry has subcategories of elegies, odes, sonnets, and dramatic monologues which may tie into poetry for specific occasions. Metaphysical poetry is highly intellectualized, with the use strange imagery, frequent paradox and contain extremely complicated plots. Metaphysical poetry is not considered a genre of poetry but rather a classification group that characterized certain poets to this type of work. Such poets were Donne, Andrew Marvell, George Herbert, Henry Vaughan, and Richard Crashaw. These poets dealt with questioning the nature of reality in a philosophical way covering a wide range of religious and consciousness. When comparing two poets such as Herrick and Donne, one can clearly note that both poets are mutually expressive and precise with each of their styles of writing along with a strong, bounding emotionally sequence. Most of the writer’s work belongs to the Elizabethan era. This era is often mentioned as the golden age in English history due to the reign of forty-five years under Queen Elizabeth I, a well-admired leader of the Tudor Dynasty. This time period promoted political stability, exploration, and creativity in which art, writing, and literature flourished. In this essay, I will explore how the two poems, “Upon Jack and Jill Epigram,” by Herrick and ” To His Mistress Going to Bed,” by Donne portray men and women in society and among relationships and marriages. Media, books, and the web often portray traditional general stereotypes.A stereotype is a view or a characterization of a person or a group of persons based upon narrow and frequently incorrect assumptions. Stereotypes are used by those who cannot or will not take the time to notice what a person is really like. They are particularly common in media because they are easier to create. Audiences and media production personnel both respond to them.Stereotypes are powerful because they affect our expectations of what people should and should not be like. They are damaging because they narrow our notions of people can be and do. Media stereotypes have an extra impact because they create images based on these assumptions, helping to shape individuals’ own views about how they should act and how successful they are as a specific gender or race. Businesses have invested in an interest in maintaining these traditional gender stereotypes, for production, sales, and services that are solely dependent on the exploitation of fears and anxieties connected to traditional gender identities. These stereotypes portray an image of young children who grow up to believe that is how each sex or gender is supposed to behave due to what has been taught through the society. These sources have a ” target audience.” A ” target audience,” is is the demographic of people most likely to be interested in certain products or services.For example, a plumbing company would target property owners, both commercial and residential. A toy store would target parents, grandparents and anyone else with children in their lives.Other examples of target audiences include single men in their twenties, tweens, working mothers, retired seniors and dog owners. Each company knows the general rule of thumb of when to reach a specific group of people, such as at home mothers or fathers or during prime time referring to the evening hours when people who work would be coming home. With regard to “Upon Jack and Jill Epigram,” by Herrick, is sarcastic remarks made by Jill of her husband’s, Jack’s devotion and value of poetry in a disagreement which Jack is a little too lighthearted and carefree about. Jill emphasizes her disposition on how words, lyrics, rhymes, schemes, quatrains, couplets, elegies, odes, sonnets, and dramatic monologues will not satisfy her hunger and thirst, it will not quench her needs and desires of her heart. She sharing her honest opinions and feelings that Jack is not making her feel a hundred percent content about being with him. Jack is committed to his love of poetry and instructs her to feed on the kisses and love that gives her unconditionally. She then implies that is why poets are so small and lanky because sweet love is the food of poets, which is of air. Jill implies within the text that she is not a poet so she should not have to be small and lanky and feeding on air, or little to no food as if she was a poet who was feed off of words and expressions. She yens her lover Jack to find a more opportunistic job that will not only fuel his love but will also fuel her body and meet her desires as well. Jill does not want to eat to live but rather live to eat. Live to eat so that she is so full that she farts. She longs to indulge in a great feast. In this time period, men were the provider, the only provider of the household, women did not have jobs nor did they work, or work enough to provide substantial gain for themselves and their families. Women were to take care of the duties of the home such as cooking, cleaning, ironing, washing clothes, washing dishes, making beds, sweeping, making clothing and attending to other duties and task around the house. A man should not do the bare minimum to just skin by and live. A man should want to give all that he can for his woman and press until that goal is met and continue to uphold that standard. ” To His Mistress Going to Bed,” by Donne is a verbal striptease between two lovers in English Verse. Donne influences and encourages his mistress to underdress for him and join him in his bed in a very sensual and erotic way. He captures his mounting, climaxing excitement in ” To His Mistress Going to Bed,” of this woman whom he is not married to, nor does it state that they are going to be wedded. This poem definitely appeals to the reader’s visual, tactical senses and emotions. This poem is full of lustful desires.It is initially a game of follow the leader, in this case, follow the man, who is already in full nakedness or a game of duck, duck, goose. He makes the young lady feel innocent as if no sins are going to be committed. He influenced her by indicating that being naked and free is natural like childbearing because it is virtuous and not degrading. In ” To His Mistress Going to Bed,” the man is manipulative, sexually aroused and overpowering this young lady who ultimately doesn’t say no or reject what his commands are. He does not care for her holism, he simply cares for her physique, and her physique only. The man is dominant and she is submissive. Here is where society would say this woman is weak, naive, immature, not wise, and foolish to undress for a man who has no intentions of marrying her and sleep with him. She allows herself to be vulnerable and to be put in a vulnerable situation while the man will be full of pride with an oversized head and alter ego. This same situation presents itself on a daily basis even in today’s society entailing for the stereotype of women. A stereotype is a preconceived notion of a particular group. Sexist stereotypes among women are that females cannot hold power, cannot own businesses, cannot be president, cannot be CEO or managers or directors, and cannot think for themselves in an intelligent way that is uplifting to their reputation as a female because they put themselves in situations that could have been terminal or dangerous to their health and well being. In a concession, these two poems, “Upon Jack and Jill Epigram,” by Herrick and ” To His Mistress Going to Bed,” by Herrick portray men and women in society and among relationships and marriages. In Donne’s text, men are portrayed as the primary provider and the woman is portrayed as a stay at home housewife. In regards to Donne’s text, men are portrayed as dominant as women are portrayed as weak and submissive. In the end, each poem portrays a different view between men and women in relation to society, relationships, and marriages.
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