Internet is a very crucial communication instrument nowadays for
everyone. It has totally changed our ordinary life especially at home, school
and at work since the 90s. Since the late 1990s, the internet continued to grow
and many were proclaiming about the vast benefits of computer and internet
access would have on schools and academic performance (Amin et al, 2014). Not
only the internet has provided many applications in our daily life, but also offers
special and unique features that has doubled its attractions.
The internet has become a basic tool for trading, entertainment,
communication, as well as education in this contemporary world. Today,
communication through computer and internet is a part of life reality. Nevertheless,
despite the high speed of information flow and potential educational value of
the internet, there are several attributes of the internet which that may cause
an addictive behavior. The last decade saw a large increase on new emerging of
mental sickness problem that was called internet addiction (Kuss, Griffiths
& Binder, 2013).
Most students spend a lot of
time on the internet conducting researches as well as fulfilling their
educational needs. The rampant usage of the
internet affects their behaviourhrm1
when searching for informationhrm2
such as surfing for sales or discount or promotion code on online shopping
websites such as Lazada, Lelong, Zalora and much more especially at the end of
the year. In relation to addiction, internet uses have both short term and
long-term effects that include forgotten responsibilities, weight gain,
backache, neck pain, chronic fatigue syndromehrm3 and
vision problems. On the other hand, the internet allows us to be more
productive and actually saves us a lot more time as we carry out our various
day to day tasks (Brent, 2017).
Usually the starting phase of internet addiction is that the
students use any gadgets that connects to the internet such as smartphones,
laptop, computer and tablet for a long time either to use it for communication,
research, educational purposes or entertainment. The effect of internet
addiction is dangerous especially on students and adolescents, for example,
playing computer games for a long time until they forgot their responsibilities
and how to socialize with other person of their age (Catherine, 2015). For the
person who has internet addiction, they need to receive full attention from
their parent and adult who take care of them, to give them advice frequently and limit their
time of playing games.
The use of internet has increased considerably over the last few
years. The growth of internet users has been exponential. With this growth, come a number of questions about the impact of
internet use. There are a lot of issues coming from internet addiction and one
of them is it leads to a symptoms such as addictions to turn on and check out
notification on the smartphones every minute, mood modification that often
happens to students and adolescent that sleep late at night and have a job or
class in the next morning, salience, tolerance, withdrawal disorder, often
cause or meet conflict in their daily life, and a relapse on their routine that
is internet addicting (Kuss, Griffiths & Binder, 2013).
Internet addiction will affect the students greatly especially
university students. It is because the students have a lot of classes,
assignments, quizzes every week and project that needs to be completed on time.
Therefore, students need to take care of themselves and know when to use the internet.
Research has proved that 6 out of 10 students jeopardize their academic and
professional performance because of their internet habits (Kuss, Griffiths & Binder, 2013). hrm4 Students
need to be monitored by their parents or the university so that they will not
be distracted with stuffs that they are not supposed to open on the internet
and need to be control strictly when surfing on the
entertainment part of the internet.hrm5
Overuse of internet causes physical effect due to the sedentary
lifestyle. These people may create a heightened level of psychological arousal,
resulting in very little sleep, failure to eat for long period, and limited
physical activity may lead to heart
attack or obesity, possibility leading to the user experiencing physical and
mental health problems (Amin et al, 2014). On the same note, some internet
addicts have improper posture due to too much leaning forward, hence causes
back and neck problems.
Other issues that are caused by internet addiction is that internet
addiction will negatively influence life routines, health, and parental
relationship with their family members that may spend so much time on the
internet hrm6 (Amin
et al, 2014). These people have developed poor relationships due to too much
usage of internet to an extent of spending less time with their family members.
In addition, most addicted internet users spend solitary seclusions, have no
time to spend with real people, hence they become socially irrelevant or awkward.
The much time spent on the internet instead of spending time with people
increases distrust and disturbance for the ample time in a relationship.
These people create their own secret life since they suffer from
low-self-esteem, feelings of inadequacies, depressed and have anxiety as well
as fearful for being disapproved by their colleagues or family members. Besides
that, the impact of online affairs on relationships, the academic impact of
students’ internet abuse on campuses, and the effect of employee internet abuse
are also explored in the internet addiction problems (Kimberly, 2004).
There are a lot of websites and applications on the internet that
are good and have helped make people’s life easier but there are also some
things that are not good for people. The cause is mainly identified in the
categories of internet addiction such as gaming for long period of time, social
networking not at the right time, email, blogging, online shopping for a long
time, and inappropriate internet pornography use (Christina, 2017).
Excessive use of internet can significantly interfere with
functioning in other areas of life such as relationship with your friends or
family, education may be interfered greatly and cause you to get bad grades,
work such as your work will not be in good quality, physical health will be
poor and emotional well-being may also be bad because of internet addiction
(Brent, 2017). People who lose control over their actions in life, and in
general, spend more than 38 hours a week online, are considered to suffer from
Based on this thesis statement, this paper will only discuss the particular activities on the internet that
might be potentially addictive and what will link them to personal traits that
might predispose individuals to internet addiction. Problematic internet use
may be associated with subjective distress. The review of related literature
indicated that internet addiction will negatively influence life routines,
health, and parental relationship in relation to their addiction.hrm7
Based on the social perspective, it is focusing more on internet
addiction. Besides, people might become addictive to the internet because of
their particular activities on the internet. Usually, people do not addict to
the medium, but to the actual behaviour they engage in online. For example,
usage of social application like online chatting, social network sites, and
online instant messengers. It is to communicate with other people rather by
using verbally and it is considered to be associated with internet addiction (Kuss, Griffiths & Binder, 2013).hrm8 u9
Moreover, despite the high
speed of information flow that can be used for educational purposes, there are
several attributes of the internet which may lead to addictive behaviour, such
as the students have too much free time
in their daily lives and got an unlimited access to the internet, have flexible
schedule and freedom from their parental interference maybe because they do not
stay with their parents anymore and this will lead them to internet addiction (Kuss, Griffiths &
Binder, 2013; Amin et al, 2014).
Additionally, the students’ activities are not being externally
controlled by the university bodies but the university bodies expect that all
the students will make use of the technology without any problems and the university do not look on the part that their students may get the social
intimidation and alienation from other people.(Kuss, Griffiths &
Besides that, there are also the kind of people who want to escape from their emotional
difficulties, problematic situations and personal hardship. They usually need
to express their problems and emotions through the social websites or
applications such as Whatsapp, Instagram, Facebook and much more. These kind of
people may have a big chance of getting internet addictions (Kuss, Griffiths
& Binder, 2013).
From the technological perspective, there are applications that are
specifically predictive of internet addiction such as gaming for a long time,
online chatting, social networking sites and online instant messengers (Kuss,
Griffiths & Binder, 2013 and Christina, 2017). Daria and Mark (2011) stated
that Social Networking Sites(SNShrm10 )
addiction can be classified within the larger framework of internet addictions,
and second, that it is a specific internet addiction, alongside other addictive
internet applications such as internet gaming addiction, internet gambling
addiction, and internet sex addiction. There are many symptoms that can be
identified if you are addicted to the internet, for example, depression,
anxiety, and insomnia. Internet addiction needs to be avoided as it can affect
our health physically and mentally.
In this fast-growing technology era, the student is likely to
create new learning cultures that require the internet as a tool for
communicating, sharing information and community formation (Kuss, Griffiths
& Binder, 2013). Anne (2013) stated that Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and
many other social networking sites allow users to share and interact with
online content and to connect with like-minded people. There are many mediums
that student can use to communicate and share information, for example, social media
like Facebook, WhatsApp, and Telegram. We can do many things quickly and easily
with the social media. Previously, group discussions were usually conducted by
gathering in one place before discussing it. With the growing technology now,
discussions can be done anywhere and anytime with the internet.
In addition, the use of the internet can also provide the benefit
and convenience as students can obtain information and knowledge easily and
efficiently by just typing in the web browser about what we want to know (Amin,
2014). The internet is too large for any individual to know all the important resources
that can be found there (Wayne & Margaret, 2006). Everything that we want
to know can be searched on the internet. We can just simply type the keyword
about the information that we want to find and it will give us the result. For
example, the search engine that we can use to search the information on the
internet is Google.
There are also critiques from both perspectives which are students might
misuse the internet (Kuss, Griffiths & Binder, 2013; Amin et al, 2014). Ankita
(2017) stated that with the advantages of the internet, comes its disadvantages
too. No invention of man can be perfect. There are a lot of ways the internet can
be misused, for example, e-mail spamming, well of negativity, pranksters, time
wastage, hacking, posting fake advertisements, cyberbullying, piracy, identity
theft and porn. Student nowadays is likely to explore new things on the
internet. This thing happens due to the high curiosity and influence of peers.
There are many things that can be done only with the internet. Therefore, as an
internet user, you need to be careful in disseminating or sharing any
information on the social media. In addition, we also need to distance
ourselves or avoid from doing things that are not beneficial and harmful to
Next, hardware that can connect to the internet will make students
distracted during the study (Brent, 2017). Susan (2017) stated that surfing the
internet during class and connecting with friends, shopping or streaming movies
could also prove to be a source of distraction and hinder learning. There are a
lot of devices that we can use to access the internet. With the creation of
devices, it is certain that many people will buy it as it will enable us to
access the internet. In that case, the device will also neglect people,
especially students. This will cause their learning time to be interrupted
because it is fun to play with the device connected to the internet. It is
certain that their test results will drop as a result of spending too much time
playing with the device. It does not matter if the device is correctly used to
search any information on the internet. The problems will arise when the
students ignore their homework and lessons.
Internet addiction will also cause students’ academic and
professional performance to drop (Kuss, Griffiths & Binder, 2013; Kimberly,
2004). Patricia (2014) stated that young people seem especially vulnerable,
with case studies highlighting students whose academic performance plummets as
they spend more and more time online. We can do anything if there is the
internet, for example, playing online games, watching online movies and
accessing social media. If we are already addicted to the internet, we will
feel uneasy if there is no internet. We need to avoid from internet addiction
because it will affect our study performance and it will trouble us in future. As a student, we need to remember how
important is the lesson for our bright future. We need to avoid ourselves from
using the internet for too long because it will cause us to be addicted to the
Furthermore, the internet can cause social problem in communities
(Catherine, 2015). From the research that has been done by Igor (2014), online
social networking has caused profound changes in the way people communicate and
interact. With the internet, it will enable us to connect directly with our
friends on the social media. We can also get acquainted with new people through
social media but we cannot increase our self-confidence to communicate with
people in real life. If we can communicate well in social media, it does not
make us a person that can communicate well with anybody in real life. Therefore,
do not spend our time on the internet too often. We need to spend our time with
friends and neighbors so we can improve more on our soft skills to communicate.
The internet addiction had been found to be correlated highly with
impaired academic performance. On the contrary, it was suggested that students
had a positive effect than negative effect of internet addiction in relation to
their academic performance. If students are using the internet properly for the
purpose of studying and doing their homework, it is certain that their results
will be excellent. It depends on the individual himself on how he is using the internet. If the individual is
using the internet for the wrong purpose, then he will only have a negative
impact compared to the positive effect. Therefore, students should have an
awareness of using the internet in the right way.
As a conclusion, the internet has a lot of disadvantages but it
also has a lot of advantages such as using the internet as a tool to find
useful knowledge for everyone. People who use the internet need to use them wisely
and limit their time on internet usage every day. This is to prevent them from
internet addiction and to perpetuate the physical and mental well-being. We
need to use the internet for good thing and do not do bad thing on the internet
that will harm others because it will give negative impact on us.
hrm1British English spelling
hrm2Explain how searching for information affect students’ behaviour.
hrm3What kind of syndrome?
hrm4Sentence is too long and it has become fragmented. Rephrase into
hrm6Unclear. Explain further.
hrm8Sentence is too long and has become fragmented. Rephrase into shorter
hrm10What does this stand for?
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