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Increase was called Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program

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Increase in knowledge,
changes in behavior, improved health management and changes in lifestyle were
some of the information type to be gathered in Evaluation studies (Green &
Kreuter, 2000). The outcome has to do with an evaluative deliberation of the
effects whether the activities of a program met its identified program’s
objectives upon conducting it.

To such extent, a social
development program was applied in 2008 in the Philippines. This social
development program was called Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program or 4Ps—a
Philippine version of Conditional Cash Transfer Program adapted from some South
American Developing Countries.

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4Ps provides cash
transfers to poor households, conditional upon investments in child education
and health as well as use of maternal health services. The objective of the
program is to promote investments in the education and health of children to
help break the intergenerational transmission of poverty, while providing
immediate financial support to the household. 
Poor households are identified by the National Household Targeting
System for Poverty Reduction (NHTS-PR) based on a transparent poverty targeting
mechanism, using  a statistical model to
estimate income.

In addition, a World Bank
Evaluation Study published in January 22, 2013 revealed that although the study
found that the cash grants were reaching beneficiaries, the study did not find
an overall increase in per capita consumption among the poor benefiting from
the program, although there was some evidence that poor households are saving
more in certain provinces. The lack of effects on mean consumption is not
unusual for CCT programs at a relatively early stage of implementation with
programs finding impact on mean consumption as the program matures. The
estimated per capita consumption per day reported by the sampled households was
PhP 46 per day in both program and non-program barangays, while program
beneficiaries in the study reported receiving PhP 5 per day (equivalent to US$
0.11 a day), representing approximately 11 percent of the households’ per
capita consumption.

            However,
the study conducted by Nazmul Chaudhury, Jed Friedman and Junko Onishi titled
Philippines Conditional Cash Transfer Program Impact Evaluation 2012 funded by
the World Bank, found out some points to a number of policy implications: to
improve educational outcomes for older children, additional measures such as
expanding the age of coverage of  4Ps,
increasing the grant amount for older children, and parallel supply-side
interventions in the education sector are required; currently households can be
enrolled in the program for a maximum of five years.  Expanding the duration of coverage will not
only help to keep children in school longer, it will also help to increase
household consumption; linkages and coordination with health service providers
need to be strengthened to ensure that beneficiary mothers and children receive
the services they require and to ensure a continuum of care; it is important to
consider ways in which other social programs that may have a long-term impact
on  the welfare of the poor could take
advantage of  4Ps’ strong and effective
social mobilization structure; and, to ensure more efficient program
implementation, the reasons for differences in program impact across
geographical areas must be better identified and understood.

Although a national
research has been conducted for this Philippine version of CCT Program, a
provincial level study must be conducted because the impacts differ by
provinces. Moreover, the study’s result also suggests a thorough impact study
at provincial level because the sampling technique was not designed to be
statistically representative at the provincial level.

Therefore, it should be
noted that although 3.5 years of program implementation is generally considered
time to observe impacts on short-term outcomes, it is not long enough to assess
its effectiveness on outcome measures. 

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